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The design of the Auroville Multiblade Windmill has evolved from practical experience gained in operational use over the last 33 years. The result is a reliable and efficient device, which requires minimum maintenance.
The Auroville Windpumps are horizontal axis, multi-directional metal blade windmills with rotor diameter of 5.7metres or 4.5metres. The windmills are mounted on free standing tripod towers made out of tubes available in different heights from 9 metres to 23 metres.
How the matching valve works:
The matching valve is a float valve built into the piston of the pump which replaces the disc valve of the standard piston pump.
In low wind the float valve remains open at the beginning of the upstroke, and the rotor can start turning without any load; it doesn't even have to lift the pump rods, as their weight is counterbalanced by a counterweight fixed in the rotor.
As the velocity of the pump piston increases, the valve closes as soon as the calculated critical piston velocity is exceeded and pumping starts. In very low windspeed the float valve remains permanently open; the rotor turns without lifting any water. Once the average windspeed exceeds 1.5 m/s the rotor speed is sufficient and pumping starts.
With this low cut-in windspeed the pump has a volumetric efficiency of 0.51. With a progressively increasing rotor speed the volumetric efficiency also increases until it reaches 0.9 at a windspeed of 3.5 m/s. At windspeeds above 3.5 m/s the float valve functions like an ordinary disc valve in a standard piston pump
Range of application:
The windmill can be used for pumping water from deep borewells - max. 100m depth with the AV55 and 70 m depth with the AV45 - as well as for low lift high volume output from shallow wells.
|Design windspeed||approx. 3 m/s||approx. 2.8 m/s|
|Design tip speed ratio||1,2||1,2|
|Max. rotor speed||6.3 rad/s (approx.60rpm)||5.2 rad/s (approx.50rpm)|
|Rotor diameter||4.5 (15ft)||5.7m (19ft)|
|Area of blades||7.5 m²||10.8 m²|
|Number of blades||18||24|
|Pump stroke||180 mm||160 or 230 mm|
|Ratio||1:1 direct drive||1:1 direct drive|
|Safety mechanism||fully automatic (Inclined tail hinge)||fully automatic (Inclined tail hinge)|
|Cut-in windspeed||1.8 m/s||1:5 m/s|
|Cut-out windspeed||10 m/s||10 m/s|
|Survival windspeed||40 m/s||40 m/s|
Rotor shaft : Two sealed roller bearings
Connecting rod : top is a sealed roller bearing; bottom is a teflon bush bearing (maintenance free)
Cross head : Sleeve bearing (low maintenance)
Jaw bearing : Teflon / nylon (low maintenance)
Single acting piston pumps.
Cylinder bore diameters : 64mm / 82mm / 108mm / 130mm / 160mm
Cylinder materials : stainless steel
Cup washer : synthetic rubber
Foot valve : synthetic material
Piston valve seat : stainless steel
Pump rods : round steel rod, diameter 16mm
The tower foundations and the delivery pipe clamp anchoring have to be executed according to our layout drawings.
Tower foundation : 3x0.3m³ concrete
Delivery pipe anchor : 1x0.2m³ concrete
A cost-comparison of different pumping methods was published in the report "WINDPUMPS IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES" by Halcrow Gilbert Associates Ltd., prepared for the Government of the Netherlands in 1993. This cost comparison shows that the Auroville Windpump delivers the lowest cost per water unit, compared with other alternative pumping systems.
|PUMPING TECHNOLOGY||WATER OUTPUT X HEAD [m³]||MACRO . ECON ALCC US$cts/m³|
|2 hours pumping/day||540||0.17|
|4 hours pumping/day||1080||0.11|
|8 hours pumping/day||2160||0.08|
|5 hours pumping/day||1000||0.17|
|Solar Pump (PV):|
rotor dia 5.7 m:
|1st gen. Gear type
rotor dia 3m:
Range of products
|AUROVILLE MULTI-BLADE WINDMILL MODEL|
|Windpump complete with rotor dia 4.5m, head, tail and turntable|
|Windpump complete with rotor dia 5.7m, head, tail and turntable|
TRIPOT TOWER MADE OUT OF GI - TUBE
|AV45 towers||AV55 towers|
|Height m||Height m|
SINGLE STROKE PISTON PUMP for maximum stroke length of 230mm
|Bore dia mm||Cylinder material||For pumping head|
|for AV45||for AV55|
|64||Stainless Steel||44-72 m||51-100 m|
|82||Stainless Steel||26-43 m||34-50 m|
|108||Stainless Steel||18-25 m||21-30 m|
|130||Stainless Steel||12-17 m||14-20 m|
|160||Stainless Steel||Up to 11 m||Up to 13 m|
STEEL PUMP ROD
Dia 16mm, including coupling 1 length 6m